Seven of the World’s Most Massive Meteor Craters

Most have heard the news reports and seen footage of the meteor that recently streaked across the sky of Russia’s Ural Mountains on February 15th injuring many people and causing sharp explosions. Weather.com takes a look at seven more of the world’s largest meteor craters.

1. Barringer Meteor Crater, Arizona

This crater was created 49,000 years ago when a nickel-iron meteorite weighing in at several hundred thousand tons & traveling at of 40,000 miles per hour hit Earth. It’s the best-preserved impact crater in existence. The crater is ¾ of a mile wide and 575 feet deep!

Barringer Crater, Arizona

 

2. Lake Bosumtwi, Ghana

Lake Bosumtwi is Ghana’s only natural lake and it was created when a meteorite his Earth about 1.3 million years ago. It created a hole in the ground with a six-mile diameter! The crater slowly filled with water to form the lake which is a vital source of life for the area. The lake is considered sacred by the Ashanti people of Ghana.

Lake Bosumtwi, Ghana

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Clearwater Lakes, Canada

About 290 million years ago, a pair of asteroids hit Quebec on the eastern shore of Hudson Bay. Their impact created what is now known as Clearwater Lakes. The larger lake is a whopping twenty-mile in diameter while the smaller one is 13.7 miles in diameter.

Clearwater Lakes, Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Wolfe Creek, Australia

Wolfe Creek is also a well-preserved crater thanks to its approximate age of 300,000 years and the desert environment of Australia’s Outback. It has a diameter of approximately half a mile wide and its center is dotted with trees and shrubs.

Wolfe Creek, Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Aorounga Impact Crater, Chad

This eleven-mile wide crater is located in the Sahara Desert. Approximately 200-300 million years ago, a comet or asteroid with an estimated 1-mile diameter slammed into the earth and created the Aorounga Crater. According to scientists, impacts of this size only occur about once every million years.

Aorounga Impact Crater, Chad

 

 

 

 

 

 

6. Pingualit, Quebec, Canada

This crater is located in Pingualuit National Park. It was created about 1.4 million years ago and is known to natives as the “Crystal Eye of Nunavik.” Today the crater is filled with water from rain and melting snow. It’s so pure that the salt content of the water measures only 3 parts per million.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7. Oldest Asteroid Impact, Greenland

This 62-mile wide crater is possibly the oldest asteroid impact crater known to man and was created more than two billion years ago. Finnefjelf Moutain which stands more than 3,000 feet high is believed to be the crushed core of the structure.

Oldest Asteroid Impact, Greenland

 

 

 

 

 

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